Named Entity Recognition (NER)
The automatic detection and labeling of proper names (entities) in texts. Example: Angela Merkel and Frau Merkel refer to the same person in two sentences.
Natural Language Generation (NLG)
Natural Language Generation. The generation of text (natural language) using machine learning.
Natural Language Processing (NLP)
Natural Language Processing deals with the automatic processing of natural language. Methods from computational linguistics, artificial intelligence and statistics are used to recognize, understand, interpret and generate language. This knowledge can then be used, for example, to translate or rewrite texts.
Natural Language Understanding (NLU)
Natural Language Understanding describes the ability of machines to understand natural language. This includes both reading and writing natural language and analyzing meaning and context.
Neural networks are artificial intelligence models modeled on the human brain. They consist of a series of processing units that are interconnected.
An artificial neural network consists of layers of interconnected units (neurons) that pass information to each other under certain conditions. Each unit processes a specific signal and passes it on to the next unit. The network learns by processing signals and adjusting the connections between units.
normalization of texts
Normalization of texts describes the standardization of text structure and punctuation. For example, all quotation marks and dashes are normalized to one character each, as are section markers such as lines or markers for chapter headings.