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    Lexicon

    classification

    Classification describes the task of assigning a data object to one of several previously defined classes. Example: assigning a text to a genre based on its content.

    clustering

    The grouping of data: data within a group should be similar to each other, data in different groups should be different. Such a group is called a cluster. Example: a lot of international soccer clubs can be clustered according to their membership in a national league.